We are now in the centenary year the race to the south pole. That story is too well known for this blog; enough to say that Amundsen got the gold, Scott the silver. Less well known are the other two polar expeditions of 1912. There was a Japanese expedition headed by Nobu Shirase.
Then there was Wilhelm Filchner.
If Amundsen had a smooth time, Scott a dreadful time, Filchner lay somewhere in the middle, tending towards the really bad: bedevilled by climate, clashing personalities, sabotage, suicide, death, a proposed duel – the Antarctic is a harsh testing ground. Continue reading